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Strathern has conducted fieldwork in Papua New Guinea and the UnitedKingdom: her anthropological work has used Melanesian conceptions, aswell as feminist insights, to question the universality of someWestern categories often taken to be fundamental: society, theindividual, relation, property
Lévi-Strauss sought to apply the structural linguistics of Ferdinandde Saussure to anthropology. At the time, the family was traditionallyconsidered the fundamental object of analysis, but was seen primarilyas a self-contained unit consisting of a husband, a wife, and theirchildren. Nephews
Sahlins' work has focused on demonstrating the power that culture hasto shape people's perceptions and actions. He has been particularlyinterested to demonstrate that culture has a unique power to motivatepeople that is not derived from biology. His early work focused ondebunking the idea
James Scott's work focuses on the ways that subaltern people resist dominance. His original interest was in peasants in the Kedah state of Malaysia, and he wrote The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Subsistence and Rebellion in Southeast Asia (1976) about the ways peasant peoples resisted authority. I
He conducted extensive ethnographical research in Southeast Asia and North Africa. He also contributed to social and cultural theory and is still very influential in turning anthropology toward a concern with the frames of meaning within which various peoples live out their lives. He worked on relig
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